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Bio fabrication and Textiles: Reinventing Fibers and Fabric Manufacturing by Renata Grilo

Bio fabrication and Textiles: Reinventing Fibers and Fabric Manufacturing

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Since humankind’s first handlooms, the weaving process of fibers has made an extensive leap thanks to R&D, which guarantees a safer, more durable and aesthetically pleasing fabrics.

The manufacturing process has been the same since prehistoric times when a spindle was used to create yarn from fibers and in 28000 BC the first sewing needle was in use in Kostenki, Russia. So many processes have been altered with best methods to not only save time and money, but also to maintain a line of production that could support today’s demand for the textile industry.

My interest however lies on the recent discoveries of bio fabrication through the usage of synthetic biology in order to create and literally grow cells through organisms, such as fungi, bacteria, yeast, algae and mammalian cells.

Thankfully at the moment the global interest on this subject has become such a ground breaking technology for many that tech companies, such as Microsoft, and large corporations are investing on making smarter decisions. By creating leather, for example, without the cruelty that many animals endure, or even cultivating bio organisms and cells to grow wearable protein-based materials, this immense opportunity leaves future generations the capacity to self sustain wearable fabrics.

Leading collaborators to this study, such as Biocouture

http://www.biocouture.co.uk/

the very first bio creative design consultancy, works with leading scientists from all over the world. The crème de la crème are making history happen on a daily basis working with partners, such as Synbiobeta.

http://synbiobeta.com/

This design lab is just an incredible way to stay tuned into the latest artists and game changers of our time. Pioneers! Fearless minds.

Here are some of their latest works and future research:

Natsai Chieza:

http://natsaiaudrey.co.uk/

Natsai holds an MA in Architectural Design from the University of Edinburgh (2009), and an MA in Textile Futures from Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design (2011), both cultivating a design practice with a strong sensibility in aesthetics and material research, and a great sensitivity to context.

Natsai has achieved measurable success in design research projects for Microsoft, Nissan, Unilever and EDF Energy. She has also exhibited in numerous design exhibitions and events across Europe, including the Victoria & Albert Muesum, London; Audax Textile Museum, Tilburg; Salone Internazionale del Mobile di Milano, Milan; Designersblock LDF, London; EN VIE/ ALIVE, Paris; Science Gallery, Dublin; and Heimtextil, Frankfurt.

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